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Abstract

Impact of NGOs on empowering people living with HIV positive (PLHP)
By: D. Yonjan Lama1, A.L. Tamang2

Background: HIV/AIDS in Nepal, with a prevalence rate of 0.5%, is emerging as a major threat to cause death in age group 15-49 years. Many non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are working to enable the empowerment of ‘People Living with HIV Positive (PLHP)’. This study was carried out to identify the impact of their work.
Methods: A descriptive and analytical study was carried out collecting information from 33 male and 25 female PLHP in Kathmandu valley during 2006. About half of the informants came from outside the valley. The researcher observed them over a six months period in different NGOs. Semi-structured interviews and group discussions were also held.
Results: Although one-fourth of the informants were illiterate, half of the informants were job-holders because of the support from NGOs. Similarly, 86.2% had disclosed their HIV status to their family members; and 76% of the disclosed got positive behaviour of family members. In health institution, 87.2% medical persons treated PLHP with positive behaviour.
Only 17.2% respondents had taken financial support from NGOs for the expenses of health check up, medicines, food, clothes and transport; 91.4 % received counselling and education service and 96% of them increased their self confidence to live normal life. The study found that 85.7% PLHP were able to promote the philosophy of positive living; 69.6% to identify their needs, and 16.1% to design initiatives to address their problems. Cent percent informants agreed that they were in need of good working NGOs.
Conclusions: The study concludes that the PLHP are benefited by the services of NGOs but their services are insufficient. Beside Kathmandu valley, many PLHP are living in different parts of the country. As the services provided by NGOs were mainly limited in urban areas, the informants who came from remote areas were in need of more support.

 
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